The Castries Water Works Reserve comprises a total area of 1392.93 hectares. Much of the forests within the Castries Water Works Reserve are mature but secondary, including extensive tracts of rainforest. Most of the forest area has been modified by human activities, such as cutting for firewood, squatting for cultivation of short-term agricultural crops, marijuana cultivation and planting of exotic trees.
The Government of Saint Lucia works with stakeholders and partners to reduce the incidences of deforestation and squatting on forest reserves while providing incentives to encourage public private partnership investment in keeping with the core principles of sustainable forest management. Two noteworthy initiatives are the Government’s fostering of ecotourism and sustainable harvesting of non-timber forest products within the Reserve.